Michele Mosca, University Research Chair and Co-founder, Institute for Quantum Computing, University of Waterloo; Co-founder, President, and CEO, evolutionQ Inc. Canada. Quantum computers will break currently deployed public-key cryptography and weaken symmetric key cryptography. These fundamental pillars of cybersecurity must be replaced before they are broken in order to prevent the collapse of cyber systems. They must be replaced even sooner when protecting information requiring long-term confidentiality.
So when will quantum computers break these systems? What are the relevant indicators and what has happened in the past year?
How close are we to having reliable deployed solutions? What meaningful progress has been made in the past year? For example, I will describe the Open Quantum Safe (OQS) project we recently launched to support the development and prototyping of quantum-resistant cryptography. I will also outline our methodology for Quantum Risk Assessments, which helps organizations identify and prioritize the threats and vulnerabilities and lay the groundwork for reliably and cost-effectively evolving their systems to be resilient to quantum attacks.