Keeping It Valid: Maintenance of FIPS 140-2 Validated Modules (U31d) As a Senior Certifications Consultant, Shashi Karanam provides certification services to security product vendors seeking FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria, and DoDIN APL certifications. Mr. Karanam received his Master of Science in Computer Engineering from George Mason University specializing in the fields of Digital System Designing and Cryptography. With background in security and certifications, Mr. Karanam uses his experience to ensure that security product vendors receive full consultation they need at every step of FIPS 140-2, Common Criteria and DoDIN APL certification efforts. Shashi has been published numerous times, including in the “15th International Common Criteria Conference (ICCC2014)”, “Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded systems (CHES 2008)”, and “State of the Art of Stream Ciphers Workshop (SASC2008)” on the topics of cryptography.